Karachi, Pakistan (Hybrid) | October 11-13, 2021

invited speakers

Title: The Next Frontier: The Communication and Data Technologies for Aviation

Junaid Zubairi
- Prof. and Chair,
  Computer and Information Sciences
  SUNY-Fredonia, NY, USA
Abstract:
The aviation industry has embraced the modern networking and connectivity in multiple ways. Today’s aircraft is well connected via satellite, radio and high altitude blimps to the air traffic control, the airline safety facilities, the FOQA (Flight Operation Quality Assurance) management and the aviation authority. The development of ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast) has revolutionized the flight operation. ADS-B gives very accurate information on aircraft position as well as other parameters for monitoring the flight progress and estimating the fuel left. The Iridium satellites facilitate the connectivity of the aircraft and the flight data received through such connections is analyzed through dedicated software systems. Inside the aircraft, multiple sensors bring hundreds of parameters to the DFDAU (Digital Flight Data Acquisition Unit) which conditions and digitizes the data, converts it into an ARINC-frame and transmits it over the ARINC bus to the DFDR (Digital Flight Data Recorder).

Junaid Zubairi, Ph.D.
Modern aircraft are equipped with QAR (Quick Access Recorder) unit that transfers tons of data at touchdown to the ATC for analyzing any problems faced in landing. There are multiple technologies deployed or under development under the connected aircraft initiative including the up and coming LEO satellites and 5G. This talk will walk the audience through the progress tracing from the earliest FDR units all the way to the modern connected aircraft. We will introduce the various technologies used in the aviation industry to the audience and present a simplified overview of the overall communication and computing systems in avionics. The current work being done by our team in flight data transmission, integration and processing would also be highlighted.
Speaker Biography:
Junaid Ahmed Zubairi received a Bachelor of Electrical Engineering degree from NED University of Engineering Pakistan and a Master of Science and Doctorate in Computer Engineering from Syracuse University, Syracuse NY. He worked in Space Research Commission as Senior Engineer and then joined Sir Syed University in Pakistan and later Intl’ Islamic University Malaysia where he set up VLSI design lab, designed and established campus network, headed computer science program and designed the complete curriculum for Bachelor in Computer Engineering. In 1999, he accepted a faculty position in State University of New York at Fredonia where currently he is Professor and Chair of Computer and Information Sciences Department.

Dr. Zubairi has won numerous awards including AURAK Presidential award for exceptional academic service in 2015, Chancellor's award for excellence in research and creative activities in 2018, WNY Muslims High Achievement Award in 2018 and Kasling Award for Excellence in Scholarship and Creative Activities in 2019. He won several grants including National Science Foundation Innovation-Corps award ($50k), Malaysian Government IRPA research award ($62k), NSF MACS grant ($400k), multiple SUNY scholarly incentive & summer awards and AURAK UAE grant. His research interests include network traffic engineering, network protocols and IoT applications. He has edited two books on network applications and security and has numerous peer reviewed publications including book chapters, journal articles and articles in conference proceedings. He has invented the flight data tracker (US patent granted 2017) to supplement the black box FDR and developed IDFA for VLSI fault testing, TELIC for network Traffic Engineering and MEDTOC for emergency patient data transmission. He is a senior member of IEEE including its communications society. He can be reached at zubairi@fredonia.edu and on the web at http://www.cs.fredonia.edu/zubairi/


Title: High Crop-yield Energy-Efficient Smart Greenhouses

Kamal Alameh
- Prof. and Dir,
  Electron Science Research Institute,
  Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia
Abstract:
Greenhouse agriculture is currently used worldwide for the cultivation of vegetable, fruit, herbs and ornamental crops. In greenhouse production, controlling the climate (temperature and humidity) is crucial for optimal plant growth and yield. Typically, crops have different optimum growth temperature ranges, lighting spectral requirements and development stages. Energy efficiency is a key factor for viable greenhouses, and substantial R&D efforts are being dedicated to (i) reducing energy consumption by providing on-site energy-generation greenhouse platforms, (ii) increasing crop yield and quality by re-shaping the sunlight spectrum transmitted to the crop, and (iii) reducing the cultivation cycle by using supplemental illumination at night times.

Kamal Alameh, Ph.D.
In this talk, we present a novel smart greenhouse structure based on the integration of (i) solar panels for on-site energy generation, (ii) optimised optically coated coverings that maximise the crop yield while minimising photosaturation and photoinhibition, which raise the temperature of the crop to harmful levels, (iii) vertical towers for crop yield maximisation and (iv) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as supplement illumination sources at night times (and day times, if necessary).

Experimental results demonstrate the ability of the proposed greenhouse structure to increase the crop yield by more than 50%, and reduce water and energy usage by more than 20%.
Speaker Biography:
Professor Kamal Alameh has over 28 years of research experience in photonics, optoelectronics and Opto-VLSI, since receiving his PhD from The University of Sydney in 1993.

Professor Alameh is Chief Technical Officer (CTO) of ENCERES ASIA PTE LTD. He was Director of the Electron Science Research Institute at Edith Cowan University from 2004 to December 2020. He is an Adjunct Professor at GIST-Korea and South Wales University, Wales, UK, and Guest Professor at Southeast University, Nanjing, China, Minzu University, Beijing China. He has pioneered the integration of microelectronic and photonic sciences and developed a new and practical research area, “MicroPhotonics” that achieved innovative solutions for the ICT, Agriculture, Health, Consumer Electronics, Renewable Energy, Oil and Gas, Security and Defence sectors. He has led many R&D projects including (i) “Development of a pre-production energy-efficient greenhouse”, (ii) “Development of a pre-production laser-based plant sensing weed control system”, (iii) “Development of micro- and nano-structured (plasmonic) fibre-optic sensors for water quality monitoring”, (iv) “Development of high-speed optical fibre interconnects for chip-to-chip communications”, (v) “Development of multiport, multiwavelength tunable fibre lasers”, (vi) “Development of energy-harvesting clear glass window panels” and (vii) “Development of fibre-optic catheter for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation and monitoring. His current research activities include energy-efficient high-yield greenhouses, Building-Integrated PhotoVoltaics (BIPV), and photonics-based sensors. He has published 480+ peer reviewed journal articles and conference papers, and filed 39 patents over technologies and discoveries that have commercial potential. He generated over $20 million dollars (cash) in funding.

Title: Demystifying of Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) Signaling Protocols Cyber Security Challenges (SS7, Diameter, VoLTE, and 5G Protocols)

Muhammad Manshad Satti Ph.D.
- CEO, IT Butler e-Services,
and Mubbashar M Satti Engr.
Abstract:
In the present time, mobile networks are the most dynamic part of critical communication infrastructures and the key instrument used to perform daily activities ranging from Voice, Data, and text messaging (SMS) to providing daily communication of everyone and especially for Business Purposes. It also has a vital role in signaling for emergency services and critical infrastructure, especially during the COVID-19 SMS services were greatly helpful for sending awareness messages, tracking infected people, Sharing global pandemic data for the safety of the mass papulations.

Muhammad Manshad Satti, Ph.D.
In particular, the process of placing voice calls in modern mobile networks is still based on SS7 technology which dates back to the 1970s when Landlines were the main communication media. At that time, safety protocols involved the physical security of hosts and communication channels, making it impossible to obtain access to an SS7 network through a remote unauthorized host. In the early 21st century, a set of signaling transport protocols called SIGTRAN (SS7/IP) were developed, it further improved Security by induction of the Diameter protocol by adding encryption as VoLTE and HTTPS for signaling Security of 4G and 5G networks.

The Vulnerabilities in SS7 based mobile networks allow an Attacker with basic skills to perform dangerous attacks that may lead to direct subscriber financial loss, confidential data leakage, or disruption of communication services.

This research paper will elucidate the hands-on experience of the Author and his team while supporting multiple MNOs and incumbent Telecoms Operators. The author will also suggest some use cases to further elaborate the mitigation of Cyber Attacks, such as illegal location tracking of subscribers, Customer Personal Data leakage, Denial of Services (DOS) revenue frauds, and Pilferages in Secure Networks.

The paper will also emphasize the importance of implementing 24x7x365 monitoring and establishing a Security Operation Center (SOC).
Speaker Biography:
Dr. Muhammad Manshad Satti has received a B.E (Elec.) and M Eng. (Telecom) from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) Sydney, and a Ph.D. (Comp Engr) from Deakin University Melbourne Australia. He has over twenty-five years of industrial experience in Electronics, IT, and Telecoms.

Dr. Satti was appointed as Convener for Internet Voting Task Force (IVTF) in April 2018 by the order of the Supreme Court of Pakistan for scrutinizing the efficacy and cyber resilience testing of the I-Voting application developed by NADRA.

He was chief information security officer (CISO) of Australia’s largest corporate telecom where he developed telecom security policies, risk assessment, security strategies, Innovation and leadership, and complex design for dedicated hosting, co-location, e-commerce, and online businesses. During this tenure, he has contributed to several forums and worked on Information Security Management System (ISMS).

He has been engaged in research and development at a leading R & D Security research Laboratory, studying Deep Packet Inspection (DPI), Lawful Interception (LI), monitoring and Analysis, (LIMA) Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), and Data mining techniques for 3-tier security architecture.

Dr. Satti authored more than thirty-five publications on ICT Security, Risk Analysis, and GRC and conducted over forty international lectures and seminars. He is a member of IEEE (USA), the Institute of Engineers Australia (MIE Aust.), and earned Chartered Engineer (CEng.) recognition. Dr. Satti is enlisted at National Professional Register (NPR) Australia in IT, Telecom, and Electrical Engineering chapters.

His research interests are on Data mining, DPI, LIMA, Mobile Location Tracking, LBS Data Analytics, Telecoms signaling security, and advance Detection systems used for mitigating future DOS / DDOS attacks at Internet and Corporate networks, where ISPs and Mobile Network Operators (MNO) are most victims of such attacks.